News

Can AI Systems Understand Human Values?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 13. September 2019 in News No Comments

Machine learning (ML) algorithms can already recognize patterns far better than the humans they’re working for. This allows them to generate predictions and make decisions in a variety of high-stakes situations. However, for ML systems to truly be successful, they need to understand human values.

Researchers still need to answer empirical questions related to things like how values evolve and change over time. And once all the empirical questions are answered, researchers need to contend with the philosophical questions that don’t have an objective answer, like how those values should be interpreted and how they should guide an AGI’s decision-making.

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How Governments can halt the rise of unfriendly Super-AI

Posted by Peter Rudin on 30. August 2019 in News No Comments

A super-AI raises two fundamental challenges for its inventors, as philosopher Nick Bostrom and others have pointed out. One is a control problem, which is how to make sure the super-AI has the same objectives as humanity.

The second is a political problem, which is how to ensure that the benefits of a super-intelligence do not go only to a small elite, causing massive social and wealth inequalities.

In theory, a single country or region (such as the EU) could carry the costs and effort involved in tackling the problems and ethics of super-AI. But all countries would benefit, and super-AI would become a public good rather than an unstoppable private monopoly.

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Saving humanities from the STEM promised Land?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 16. August 2019 in News No Comments

Education and labor policy makers, tech-believers and business followers should realize that for a graduate ‘entering the job market’ is not about one’s first job. On the contrary, it is preparing to manage a very extensive career, holding several occupations and even different professions (with diverse contract typologies and affiliations) throughout one’s life.

In the face of the STEMs, we see how history, philosophy, literature, languages and art in any shape or form, are much more than mere diplomas to be accumulated to get a job. They are knowledge to be gathered forever for one’s personal life as well. Education is knowledge accrued and of tremendous relevance in the construct of one’s personality.

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Facebook’s Brain-Machine Interface

Posted by Peter Rudin on 9. August 2019 in News No Comments

Somewhat unceremoniously, Facebook recently provided an update on its brain-computer interface project. In a paper published in the journal Nature Communications, a team of researchers described a prototypical system capable of reading and decoding study subjects’ brain activity while they speak.

A set of machine learning algorithms equipped with phonological speech models learned to decode specific speech sounds from the data and to distinguish between questions and responses.

High-resolution brain-machine interfaces, or BCI for short, are predictably complicated — they must be able to read neural activity to pick out which groups of neurons are performing which tasks.

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Has Humanity reached ‘Peak Intelligence’?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 26. July 2019 in News No Comments

Since the intelligence test was invented more than 100 years ago, our IQ scores have been steadily increasing. Even the average person today would have been considered a genius compared to someone born in 1919 – a phenomenon known as the Flynn effect.

The most recent evidence suggests that this trend may now be slowing. It may even be reversing, meaning that we have already passed the summit of human intellectual potential.

Looking to the future, the “reverse Flynn effect” and the potential drop in IQs should certainly cause us to take stock of the ways we are using our brains. Maybe our educational concepts must be modified.

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Could empathic AI be the next stage in human evolution?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 12. July 2019 in News No Comments

Designing human-centric AI interactions, optimized to develop trusted relationships between AI and humans, presents the largest opportunity for human and societal advancement in the modern era.

The potential for human-centered AI design is to augment human empathy, improving the 95% of all decisions that are made subconsciously.

If we are to effectively partner with technology to enhance ourselves – rationally and emotionally – we must design interactions that promote and develop trust between AI and people.

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How the Internet is affecting the Human Brain

Posted by Peter Rudin on 28. June 2019 in News No Comments

What effect is the online world having on human brains? A new review by researchers from five universities in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia attempts to find the answer.

The theory goes that neuroplasticity ⁠— or the brain’s ability to structurally change over time ⁠— means that the experiences and lessons we gain from internet use could be having a significant impact.

Professor Jerome Sarris, deputy director of the NICM Health Research Institute, expresses more concern. “The bombardment of stimuli via the internet, and the resultant divided attention commonly experienced, presents a range of concerns,” he says.

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New Hearing Aids to Monitor Your Brain and Body

Posted by Peter Rudin on 14. June 2019 in News No Comments

Within five years, a new wave of smart hearing aids will be able to recognize stress, both current and anticipatory.

These intelligent devices will do this by collecting and combining several kinds of physiological data and then using deep-learning tools to tune the analysis to individuals, getting better and better at spotting and predicting rising stress levels.

The data they use will most likely include pulse rate, gathered using optical or electrical sensors, given that a rising heart rate and shifts in heart rate variability are basic indicators of stress.

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DARPA Funds Brain-Machine Interface Program

Posted by Peter Rudin on 31. May 2019 in News No Comments

DARPA’s Next-Generation Nonsurgical Neurotechnology (N3) program has awarded funding attempting to build brain-machine interfaces that match the performance of implanted electrodes but with no surgery whatsoever.

By simply popping on a helmet or headset, soldiers could conceivably command control centers without touching a keyboard and fly drones intuitively with a thought. While the tech sounds futuristic, DARPA wants to get it done in four years.

Though a DARPA spokesperson declined to comment on the amount of funding, two of the winning teams are reporting eye-popping grants of $19.48 million and $18 million.

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Neuroscience applied to test Customer Acceptance

Posted by Peter Rudin on 17. May 2019 in News No Comments

One big question is how businesses, willing to go ahead with new opportunities, can uncover greater insights into their initiatives and then use these insights to move forward confidently.

Applied neuroscience is best described as the use of neuroscience tools to measure and understand human behavior.

Using high-resolution EEG headsets and eye trackers, an IKEA team tested potential customers to understand their reactions to a new business model offering solar panels that would enable customers to generate their own renewable energy.

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