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Essay

Has Homo sapiens reached the End of Life?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 23. February 2018 in Essay 2 Comments

In his best-selling book ‘Homo Deus’, Professor Yuval Noah Harari makes the case that humans are close to facing an existential revolution.

As we are in the process of decoupling intelligence from consciousness, collecting data in digital form across all facets of life, the economic value of humans will diminish.

While science is advancing AI, the value of consciousness needs to be reassessed. It is an integral of Homo sapiens.

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Should Machine-Intelligence Be Taxed?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 9. February 2018 in Essay No Comments

The phenomenal growth of Facebook, Google and Amazon (FGAs) is based on a simple but very powerful business model:

Provide a service at no charge to get personal data and monetize this date for targeted advertising.

The current financial tax contribution of the FGAs to government institutions will not be enough to cover their fair share of the social costs caused by the disruptive impact of machine-intelligence.

To maintain our democratic values we need a redesign of our tax and social welfare system that takes into account the impact of machine-intelligence.

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China’s move to reach AI world-supremacy by 2030

Posted by Peter Rudin on 26. January 2018 in Essay 1 Comment

In July 2017, China’s State Council announced the “Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan”. The Chinese government’s plan aims (a) to keep pace with Western AI technology by 2020, (b) make major breakthroughs by 2025, and (c) lead the world in AI by 2030.

The question looms as to what our Western democratic society can do to stay ahead of this race and to maintain our values.

Intelligence ‘Made in China’ is likely to be more than just a service- or product offering, it could also be a cultural imperative.

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What happens when my Digital Assistant has an IQ of 300?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 12. January 2018 in Essay 1 Comment

To enhance human intelligence with machines to reach an IQ level of 300 is a thought-model which does not imply a God-like internet or Superintelligence as discussed in Nick Bostrom’s book.

The IQ is an index by which we measure cognitive intelligence. The availability of AI tools to augment human intelligence towards a higher IQ level has primarily economic consequences, for example disrupting the billion-dollar consulting industry of McKinsey and Co.

A similar disruption occurred when the introduction of mechanical machines and systems enhanced the physical limitation of humans as it happened to the farming industry around 1920.

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AI for Automated or Augmented Decision-Making

Posted by Peter Rudin on 29. December 2017 in Essay No Comments

Artificial intelligence is more than the simple automation of existing processes: it involves, to greater or lesser degrees, setting an outcome and letting a computer program find its own way to get there. It is this creative capacity that gives artificial intelligence its power.

Generally, we can expect that AI supported decision-making will lead to better decisions, provided that the data used by machine learning is trustworthy and ethical standards are met.

To define these standards and to implement controls of adherence and data quality are fundamental for reaping its potential benefits.

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Thoughts about the Future Impact of AI in our Society

Posted by Peter Rudin on 15. December 2017 in Essay 1 Comment

Discussions about the consequences of AI are far reaching and reviewing it requires some guidelines to avoid being trapped in speculation and science fiction scenarios.

While the potential for positive consequences should be enhanced, it is vital that our society sets up barriers against misuse and propagation of negative impacts.

To assess the consequences of Artificial Intelligence (AI) being equal to Natural Intelligence (NI), it helps to differentiate between economic, social and individual contexts.

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AI in Search for new Inspirations and Human Contribution

Posted by Peter Rudin on 1. December 2017 in Essay 1 Comment

Continuous progress in artificial intelligence (AI) is raising expectations to build systems that learn and think like people. Many advances have come from using deep neural networks trained in tasks such as object recognition, language translation or board games.

Despite their biological inspiration and performance achievements, these systems differ from human intelligence in crucial ways.

One source of inspiration to advance AI to a level closer to human thinking comes from Geoffrey Hinton, Professor at the University of Toronto and a Google researcher. Another comes from Joshua Tenenbaum, Professor at MIT’s Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, engaged in reverse engineering the human mind.

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AI and Neuro-Technology: Ethics a must for Human Survival

Posted by Peter Rudin on 17. November 2017 in Essay 3 Comments

As Neuroscience and AI is beginning to merge to come up with a true ‘Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)’ the ‘issue of ethics’ needs new attention.

Technological developments in machine intelligence and Neuro-Technology implicate that it will be possible to decode people’s mental processes and directly manipulate the brain mechanisms underlying their intentions, emotions and decisions.

Consequently the current efforts to incorporate standards of ethics in AI have to be extended to include Neuro-Technology as well. There is no way to reap the potential benefits of Singularity without the adaptation and implementation of strong ethics fostering our human values.

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What happens when Artificial equals Human Intelligence?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 3. November 2017 in Essay No Comments

Very much driven by ongoing progress in neuroscience to crack the neural code of intelligence, most scientists seem to agree that this moment of intelligence-equality also referred to as ‘Singularity’ will happen within the next 15 to 65 years.

What is the fate of humanity after this milestone is reached? Before we try to answer this question we should keep in mind that intelligence is only part of what human existence is all about.

To deal with the widespread fear that the potential of AI can be misused by governments to rage war or the concern that market-controlling institutions misuse their data-analysis power, we have to widen our scope.

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Google adds Ethics Unit to reach AI Supremacy

Posted by Peter Rudin on 20. October 2017 in Essay 1 Comment

Google has implemented the world’s most powerful network of data centers. With its own AI-optimized hardware design, Google currently provides services to 2 billion active Android devices, 1 billion You Tube users watching 1 billion hours of video every day and handling over 1 million search inquiries per second.

In a bold move to take leadership in the discussion about ethics, DeepMind, Google’s subsidiary, also known for its AlphaGo software that beat the world’s best Go player, has announced the formation of a major new AI research unit called ‘Deep Mind Ethics and Society (DMES)’ comprised of a full-time staff and external advisors.

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