AI has made rapid progress by leveraging enormous amounts of human expertise and data. However, for some problems this human knowledge may be too unreliable or simply unavailable. As a result, a long-standing ambition of AI is to create algorithms capable of achieving superhuman performance with no human input.
Ever since the mathematician/physicist Sir Roger Penrose published his best-selling book “The Emperor’s New Mind”, there is an intense discussion going on about the effect quantum theory could have for AI. Penrose essentially believes that current day computers and hence AI can never reach the highest levels of human intelligence because human understanding is non-computational and hence exceeds the capabilities of machines.