Essay

Does Art Implicate a New Approach to AI?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 20. May 2022 in Essay No Comments

Although there are many more forms of art, literature and music are especially well suited to discuss the application of AI as both can be digitally produced and distributed (Books, CDs, Video-Streaming).

Literature is the art-form of language and words are its tools while Music is the art-form concerned with combining vocal or instrumental sounds.

While AI provides tools, there are limits how far they can support the process of composing art. The fact that mathematics represents an intrinsic part of music and the same holds true for AI as well, demonstrates that integrating the disciplines of natural sciences and the humanities presents a potential path towards a new form of man/machine interaction, with creativity representing human’s most valuable contribution.

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Unlock the AI-Value Contribution with Small Data and Tools

Posted by Peter Rudin on 6. May 2022 in Essay No Comments

 According to a recent press release, Gartner says that 70% of organizations will shift their focus from Big Data to Small and Wide Data, providing more context for analytics and making AI less data hungry.

The more data one has, the more likely the chance that the AI-model does not understand its context or causality. Hence, it comes as no surprise that the scenario of ‘bigger is better’ is coming under scrutiny while ‘small is beautiful’ gains traction.

With every big data set used in large AI-projects, a thousand small data sets may go unused. By adding a tool-strategy, the human factor within the man-machine relationship for solving problems will enhance creativity and innovation as humans have more time to think and reflect how to create value.

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Launching LAC²: AI’s Value to ‘Think Global and Act Local’

Posted by Peter Rudin on 22. April 2022 in Essay No Comments

About two years ago, a couple of AI-enthusiasts got together, starting a discussion how to promote Central Switzerland as an attractive local AI-Hub.

A principal feature of innovative regions is their capacity to create environments favourable to turning knowledge into new products and services, supported by a  collaborative platform where AI-Experiences can be openly discussed.

Management teams are under pressure as their traditional corporate culture gets disrupted by a new form of collaborative and interdisciplinary leadership

Hence, organisations as well as individuals are challenged to constantly ‘reinvent’ themselves, The mission of  LAC² is to support its members on this endeavour. Hence, become engaged and join LAC²!

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Do Nanobots signal the Arrival of Singularity ?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 8. April 2022 in Essay No Comments

John von Neumann is regarded as one of the most intelligent and talented individuals. He defined singularity as the technological creation of super intelligence, arguing that it is difficult or impossible to predict what human beings’ lives would be like in a post-singularity world.

In 2019, a highly profiled group of researchers predicted that advances in neural nanorobotics will create a ‘Superbrain’ that can harness the thinking power of any number of humans and machines in real time through a ‘human-brain-cloud’ interface.

Totalitarian regimes in China and increasingly so in Russia, might well be tempted to misuse the power of nanotechnology as a means of mind-control, both in a military and socio-economic context.

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From AI to AGI: New Developments to Narrow the Gap?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 25. March 2022 in Essay No Comments

Despite six decades of research,  we still do not have an AI that rivals the cognitive abilities of a human child, let alone one that can think like an adult.

One of the solutions being explored to overcome the limits of AI is based on the concepts of neuro-symbolic systems. According to Joshua Tenenbaum, Professor at MIT, bridging the gap starts with exploring one of the fundamental aspects of intelligence that humans share: intuitive physics and psychology.

Other scientists believe that neural network models will eventually reach the reasoning capabilities they currently lack. In addition, many researchers are engaged in the design of deep learning systems that can perform high-level symbol manipulation without the explicit instruction of human developers.

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The Ukrainian Conflict: Aggression and Options for Counteraction

Posted by Peter Rudin on 11. March 2022 in Essay No Comments

The Ukrainian armed conflict and its violation of fundamental international law is causing a human tragedy Europe has not witnessed since World War Two.  It is also obvious that western democratic states and their leaders have failed to recognize Putin’s deception of his growing aggressiveness.

In 1939 John Dollard, a professor at the University of Washington, proposed that aggression was due to frustration, which was described as an unpleasant emotion resulting from any interference that one might encounter achieving his goal.

Hence, Vladimir Putin’s aggression will not end with the Ukrainian abduction and only the future will tell if the economic and social sanctions taken are enough to bring this deadly conflict to an end.

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Cyber-Warfare and the Struggle for Power as a Threat to Democracy

Posted by Peter Rudin on 25. February 2022 in Essay No Comments

Cyber-Warfare can be defined as a method of conducting war that includes criminal conduct for destructive purposes. The targets of the actions and their victims are no longer just military or state institutions, but civilians and corporations, with the infrastructures required to support our daily needs.

The combination of new power entities, either supported by the monetary interests of a few High-Tech companies or the application of cyber-warfare serving governmental interests for territorial control, has created a global ‘no-win’ scenario.

One possible way for counteracting this trend is related to the concept of a Digital Magna Carta which complements the provisions of the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

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The Metaverse – Hype or Paradigm Shift?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 11. February 2022 in Essay No Comments

There is no exact definition of the metaverse. A virtual reality space for artificial interaction by humans and avatars, combining specialized computer systems, visual interfaces, sensors and software might best describe the potential of its functionality.

A paradigm shift is defined as an important change that happens when the usual way of thinking or doing something is replaced by a new and different way.

Whether the metaverse represents a paradigm shift, one has to contrast its design concept with other scientific achievements related to human behaviour.

The metaverse is a great tool for gaming, education and experimentation, yet lacks the components of a paradigm shift and what the reality of life is all about.

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Does Reality exist or is our Perception just an Illusion?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 28. January 2022 in Essay 1 Comment

Getting at questions about the nature of reality is an endeavour that engages the boundaries of neuroscience and fundamental physics.

Philosophers have been trying to figure out what’s real and what’s not in practically all of the world’s great philosophical traditions. The answers are often not that clear and developing philosophical theories is more difficult today as the issues are more complex.

Considering Donald Hoffmann’s scientific view that human perceptions of reality are all illusions or David Chalmer’s philosophical theory that simulation of a virtual world implicates a new reality – we have no choice but to resort to common sense as a reflection point to differentiate reality from virtuality.

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From ‘Noise’ to better Decision-Making, an IT-Paradigm Shift?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 14. January 2022 in Essay No Comments

‘Noise: A Flaw in Human Judgement’, co-authored by Nobel Laureate Daniel Kahneman, explores why people make bad judgments in making decisions and how to make better ones. 

To improve decision-making, one should consider the application of intelligent systems, or as Daniel Kahneman puts it:  ‘Clearly AI Is Going To Win’.  The winners will be those that are able to implement new hybrid cloud-edge IT-infrastructures efficiently,

Also dubbed as ‘Internet of Things (IoT)’, this new wave of disruptive technology will be as significant as the drivers of the current industrial revolution, reducing the high cost and negative long-term consequences associated with wrong decisions.

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