Essay

Corporate Culture and AI: Are you Ready?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 7. May 2021 in Essay No Comments

While Digital-Transformation is setting the stage for moving on to AI-Transformation it appears that many corporations are struggling in realizing its potential benefits. 

To master the increasing complexity produced by advances in AI-research and its impact on  AI-Transformation demands a corporate culture that supports these changes at all levels.

Collaboration is the key in mastering the raising complexity of science and technology. Most importantly collaboration is a prerequisite for collective intelligence, the Nr.1 success factor in mastering corporate complexity and likely the future benchmark for ‘survival-of-the-fittest’.

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The Need to Redefine Intelligence: From IQ to EQ to AIQ

Posted by Peter Rudin on 23. April 2021 in Essay 2 Comments

While the EQ has gained in importance with intelligent machines gradually replacing cognitive tasks, a new ‘AIQ’ will provide guidance to optimally “cross the bridge” between artificial and human intelligence.

With this bridge in place, we can test and compare our true thinking capacity with artificially computed results. Doing so, we must understand the limits and advantages of the artificial version as much as we need to understand the limits of our own personality.

Hence, in addition to IQ und EQ, a newly defined AIQ is required for testing one’s creativity and ability for assessing the solution proposed by the AI system. Introducing the AIQ requires an adjustment of our educational concepts with creativity as its main driver.

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Impact of Brain-Computer-Interfaces supported by AI

Posted by Peter Rudin on 9. April 2021 in Essay No Comments

Brain-Computer-Interfaces (BCIs) read and interpret brain activity. To handle the massive influx of data, AI is used to detect neural patterns and provide feed-back.

At the 2017 World Government Summit, Elon Musk suggested that humans should merge their biological-intelligence with machine-intelligence to enhance their cognitive and sensory abilities, fighting-off the supremacy of future super intelligent machines.

To prevent misuse, tough legal constraints need to be enforced to regulate the potentially positive as well as the potentially negative implications of neural augmentation. Considering what has become reality from past dystopian visions as suggested by Huxley and Orwell, there are good reasons to be alarmed.

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Thinking, Fast and Slow: What about AI?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 26. March 2021 in Essay No Comments

According to Kahneman’s theory, human decisions are supported by two different kinds of mental abilities: a thinking pattern (‘system 1’) providing tools for intuitive and often unconscious decisions and a second pattern (‘system 2’) handling more complex situations.

Viewed by Neuroscience, an emotional response in decision-making triggers the question how the brain can coordinate the fast thinking of Kahneman’s system 1 with the slow thinking of system 2?

A hybrid AI-system, combining ML with Symbolic AI, offers an intriguing possibility to draw a parallel between the mental mindsets represented by Kahneman’s system 1 and system 2. This implies that future AI-system could be based on a hybrid multi-agent architecture where an individual agent focuses on specific skills and problems to be solved.

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From Self-Reflection to Spirituality, what about AI?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 12. March 2021 in Essay 1 Comment

Awareness is growing that human self-reflection and spirituality can be a vital resource in solving today’s global problems, challenging the role of AI as the single source of new knowledge.

The links of our spirituality to our intelligence and its conduits to the biological, neural sphere are not yet fully understood, but scientific enquiry oriented to enhance the biological in humans and replicating it in machines is growing exponentially.

Historically, nature, mountains, rivers, trees, the sun, the moon have always been honoured in ancient cultures as a source of enlightenment. Expanding our awareness about nature, with AI as a tool, might well support our endeavour of leading a meaningful life.

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AI and Surveillance Capitalism, what about Autonomy?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 26. February 2021 in Essay 1 Comment

Surveillance capitalism is an economic system centred around the commodification of personal data with the core purpose of profit-making.

In her latest book ‘The Age of Surveillance Capitalism’ Shoshana Zuboff, Professor at Harvard, provides a detailed examination of the unprecedented power of surveillance capitalism and the quest by powerful corporations to predict and control our behaviour. In her view industrial capitalism exploited nature while surveillance capitalism now exploits human nature.

The stronger personal autonomy is, the more fulfilled and productive a human being may become in adapting to today’s socioeconomic demands. Hence, a mindset of personal autonomy is fundamental vis-à-vis the potential negative impacts of surveillance capitalism.

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Realigning AI Research to Achieve Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)

Posted by Peter Rudin on 12. February 2021 in Essay No Comments

To understand the complexity of achieving AGI it is worthwhile looking at some of the capabilities that AGI will need to master such as sensory perception, natural language understanding, creativity, and social and emotional engagement.

Brain processes underly not only simple motoric behaviours such as walking and eating but also complex cognitive acts and behaviour that we regard as basically human: thinking, speaking and creating works of art.

The focus of AGI research is to integrate expertise in Neuroscience with expertise in Neuropsychology and Neuroinformatics. With these disciplines combined, problem-solving will be applicable to a much wider spectrum than presently available with Narrow-AI.

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Dealing with Complexity? Try Collective Intelligence & AI

Posted by Peter Rudin on 29. January 2021 in Essay No Comments

Generating ideas through discussions with employees, customers and other external parties represents one way in which collective intelligence is commonly used.

Collecting ideas and feedback from a greater number of diverse individuals generates large data sets for training artificial neural networks. The combination of collective internet-connectivity with knowledge will introduce new IT-platforms supporting AI-focused value generation.

Facing increasing complexity, AI-empowered human resource management will be key. The capacity of building and managing teams with diverse competencies and distinct behavioural profiles to optimize man-machine interactions will define a new competitive landscape for the ‘survival of the fittest’

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Quantum: from Physics to Biology. What about AI?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 15. January 2021 in Essay No Comments

Quantum mechanics provides the calculation of probabilities of how physical systems can behave. It is typically applied in defining the behaviour of molecules, atoms and sub-atomic particles.

Unlike conventional computers, which have bits that can exist in either state of 0 or 1, with quantum computers the quantum bit (or qubit for short) can exist in additional states. It can exist as a discrete state (0 or 1) or as a superposition of both states, adding a third dimension for the processing of data.

Quantum states correspond to probabilities rather than to absolute values. This fact also implies that human analysis and interpretation is still required in problem-solving. The complexity of problems we can solve, however, far exceeds what conventional AI is capable of handling today. The future is Quantum-AI.

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Decision Making: AI and the Limits of Common-Sense

Posted by Peter Rudin on 1. January 2021 in Essay 1 Comment

Common-sense represents all the background knowledge we have about the physical and social world absorbed over our lives. It includes such things as our understanding of basic physics as well as our expectations about how humans behave.

Based on common-sense, a heuristic is defined as a mental shortcut that allows people to solve problems and make judgments quickly and efficiently. While heuristics can speed up the decision-making process, they can introduce errors.

Common-sense reasoning is considered the holy grail towards the goal of reaching human-level AI. While, so far, AI has not succeeded to overcome this barrier, there are indications that AI will eventually support various decision-making scenarios.

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