Author: Peter Rudin

AI and Mental Health: Repowering Psychology?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 3. July 2020 in Essay 1 Comment

The idea of human interaction being replaced by AI was first applied 35 years ago with ELIZA, a natural language processing program, created at MIT by Joseph Weizenbaum. Emotion sensing did not exist and in this respect, it is astonishing that AI-support for therapeutic counselling is still at a very early stage.

Therapeutic AI can free up doctors to work more with their patients, handling administrative tasks and even assisting with diagnosis or intervention. In addition, empathy focused AI-applications can help patients to create awareness of their own emotional states.

Mutual trust in AI-conversational therapy is an absolute prerequisite to advance the market further. Without the adherence to ethical standards and the protection of privacy, trust cannot be achieved.

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MIT Wants to Put AI in Your Pocket

Posted by Peter Rudin on 26. June 2020 in News No Comments

The human brain operates on roughly 20 watts of power in a space defined by the volume of the human skull. The biggest machine learning algorithms use closer to a nuclear power plant’s  worth of electricity and racks of processors to learn.

There is a branch of computer chip design mimicking the brain with super-efficient neuromorphic chips, aiming to take AI off the cloud and put it in your pocket.

Whereas computers use separate digital components for processing and memory—the MIT chip uses analogue components, called memristors, that process and store information in the same place with tens of thousands of artificial synapses modelling the functionality of the  human brain.

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AI generated Language: What about Humans?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 19. June 2020 in Essay 1 Comment

Language is one of the most important means of communication and elemental  for the existence of modern societies, institutions, states and cultures.

AI-based Natural Language Generation (NLG) is the process of producing meaningful phrases and sentences in the form of natural language. NLG generates narratives that describe, summarize or explain structured data, making the writing of data-driven financial reports, product descriptions, or meeting memos more efficient.

In the context of language and writing, we must distinguish between computer-generated textual representations of facts and the creative process of formulating an idea or a story, something we might also refer to as ‘thoughtful writing’.

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Microsoft replaces dozens of journalists with AI

Posted by Peter Rudin on 12. June 2020 in News No Comments

Microsoft is replacing dozens of contract journalists with AI systems, in a move to save money and streamline content curation.

The tech giant currently employs full-time staff as well as contract news producers to help curate and edit homepage news on its Microsoft News platform and Microsoft Edge browser.

According to some analysts, AI is not advanced enough yet to handle the duties of human employees at the same skill level, and Microsoft is making a risky move by replacing so many employees.

Using AI for content curation is not new. Many social media, video and news platforms have been using AI to recommend content or remove inappropriate content for years.

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AI to Augment Creativity for Better Decision-Making

Posted by Peter Rudin on 5. June 2020 in Essay 1 Comment

According to research conducted by Dr. George Land, adults are ‘grown up children’ who have lost their creativity because creativity has been buried by rules and regulations. 

In the age of AI, our great distinguishing capacity vis-à-vis intelligent machines is creativity. A recent PwC report explains, “The rise of artificial intelligence is driving a new shift in value creation focused on sentiments more intrinsic to the human experience.

Creativity is a skill that can be developed and a process that can be managed. It begins with a foundation of knowledge, learning a discipline and mastering a way of thinking. We learn to be creative by experimenting, exploring, questioning assumptions, using imagination and synthesizing information.

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AI-Powered Biotech to Deploy Vaccines in Record Time

Posted by Peter Rudin on 29. May 2020 in News No Comments

The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic will largely depend on how quickly safe and effective vaccines can be developed and tested. Some believe that it will take 12- to 18-months. The best bet to reduce that record-breaking timeline is by using artificial intelligence.

AI simulations have the potential to test all the trillions of possibilities with tens of thousands of (simulated) patients for a (simulated) period of many years and do all of this in a matter of hours or days.

Amplifying progress in creating new medications for diseases is among the most profound near-term objectives of AI, but it will also be enormously valuable when the next pandemic strikes. Deploying an effective cure in weeks could save millions of lives.

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Ecosystems: From Nature to Business to Human-Level AI

Posted by Peter Rudin on 22. May 2020 in Essay No Comments

The term ‘Ecosystem’ was first used in 1935 in a publication by the British ecologist Sir Arthur Tansley. He devised the concept of an ecosystem to draw attention to the importance of the transfer of materials between organisms and their environment.

Starting in the early 1990s, James F. Moore introduced the strategic planning concept of a business ecosystem. He defined the ‘business ecosystem’ as an economic community supported by a foundation of interacting organizations and individuals.

With advancements in science and technology, new business ecosystems will evolve. We need a dual-ecosystem strategy: a) for caretaking of nature to support our intrinsic mind-body requirements and b) for building-up AI enhanced individuals and organizations to establish economic sustainability.

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DeepMind Compares the Way Children and AI Explore

Posted by Peter Rudin on 15. May 2020 in News No Comments

In a preprint paper, researchers at Alphabet’s DeepMind and the University of California, Berkeley propose a framework for comparing the ways children and AI learn about the world.

Exploration is a key feature of human behavior, and recent evidence suggests children explore their surroundings more often than adults. This is thought to translate to more learning that enables powerful, abstract task generalization — a type of generalization AI agents could tangibly benefit from.

The work could help close the gap between AI and humans when it comes to acquiring new abilities. For instance, it might lead to robots that can pick and pack millions of different kinds of products while avoiding various obstacles.

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AI: From Isolation to Social Distancing and Beyond

Posted by Peter Rudin on 8. May 2020 in Essay No Comments

The COVID-19 pandemic has caught humanity largely unprepared. While its devasting effects will be felt for a long time, the potential contribution of AI to better handle the outbreak of pandemics is very much apparent.

Experience and lessons learned show that isolation and home-based video conferencing reduce team efficiency and increase mental stress.

Location based big data analytics and contact tracing help to contain a pandemic outbreak. Monitoring our health with body sensors and AI based interpretation tools will put us in a much better position to emotionally counteract the paralyzing effects of fear. Finally, rapid drug and vaccine development complements the AI tools, reducing the physical, mental and economic damage a pandemic can cause.

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Seeing each other in times of Covid-19

Posted by Peter Rudin on 1. May 2020 in News No Comments

Markus Gross, Professor of Computer Science and the director of the Computer Graphics Laboratory at ETH Zurich, is convinced that there are better technologies available than today’s video conference systems.

Many commercial products are already on the market. However, these are more an improved version of existing telepresence tools than a real technological breakthrough that would change our lives for the better.

The pandemic has made teleconferencing tools an irrevocable part of our professional and personal lives, and we need fast and usable solutions.

For a foretaste of what will come, look at Microsoft’s Room2Room project and its holoportation platform, or the digital avatars from Facebook Reality Labs.

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