Author: Peter Rudin

Does your Company need a Chief Philosophy Officer (CPO)?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 18. January 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

Philosophy can help to provide purpose and guidance by tackling fundamental questions about the meaning of life. Artificial intelligence has close connections with philosophy because both share several concepts such as intelligence, consciousness, epistemology, and even free will.

The idea behind having a CPO is that the position could be helpful in a business environment that is accelerating at an unprecedented speed.

The main-responsibility of a CPO is to provide support for interfacing human values and skills with intelligent machines in order to optimize the potential of man-machine augmentation. To reach this goal he must motivate the team-members to ask questions that are outside of the ‘corporate box’.

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Six real AI dangers to watch out for in 2019

Posted by Peter Rudin on 11. January 2019 in News No Comments

Once it was fashionable to fret about the prospect of super-intelligent machines taking over the world. The past year showed that AI may cause all sorts of hazards long before that happens.

The latest AI methods excel at perceptual tasks such as classifying images and transcribing speech, but the hype and excitement over these skills have disguised how far we really are from building machines as clever as we are.

Six controversies from 2018 stand out as warnings that even the smartest AI algorithms can misbehave, or that carelessly applying them can have dire consequences.

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The Evolution of AI from 2018 to 2019 and Beyond

Posted by Peter Rudin on 4. January 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

The raising complexity of deep-learning algorithms and networks is beginning to backfire as a lack of transparency generates distrust and concern regarding the ethical implications of possible errors in the results computed.

Next to the regulatory and ethical issues which will continue to be discussed well into 2019 and beyond, we are likely to witness two efforts to restore trust:

Provide secure communication based on quantum-internet to protect private and corporate data with secure access for anyone across the entire globe and to move from a technology-driven AI to a human centric AI, where AI augments humans to reap the potential benefits of AI while adhering to ethical standards as part of the application.

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Understanding and Creating Artificial Intelligence

Posted by Peter Rudin on 28. December 2018 in News No Comments

The first glimmers of human-like intelligence appeared a few million years ago on the African continent, and continued to evolve, eventually culminating in the brain of our species Homo sapiens about 100,000 years ago.

In the last few hundred years, our species has made immense intellectual progress in developing a precise understanding of physical reality, by discovering fundamental mathematical laws governing the behavior of space, time, matter and energy.

Despite the remarkable commercial success of current AI systems on supervised pattern recognition tasks, we still have a long way to go in mimicking truly human like intelligence. A major divergence between biological and artificial neural models lies in the very way we model synapses connecting neurons.

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AI and the Future of Education

Posted by Peter Rudin on 21. December 2018 in Essay No Comments

Progress in language translation provokes the question if it still makes sense to learn a foreign language. Taking this thought a step further, we must raise the question, if our educational institutions are ready of adjusting their learning concepts.

Personalized learning provides the freedom to learn in one’s own time and learning at one’s own pace. Humanity has the unique chance to replace the inefficiency of hierarchical class-room learning with individualized concepts employing AI technology.

Adolescence is the time to foster human values. By combining science and humanities as part of a new educational concept we set the stage to unlock the potential benefits of future AI-applications driven by the three C’s: Curiosity, Consciousness and Creativity.

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Alibaba’s voice assistant is way better than Google’s

Posted by Peter Rudin on 14. December 2018 in News No Comments

In May this year, Google made quite the splash when it unveiled Duplex, its eerily humanlike voice assistant capable of making restaurant reservations and salon appointments.

In December at the 2018 Neural Information Processing Systems conference, Alibaba demoed the AI customer service agent for its logistics company. It appears that Alibaba’s assistant is more sophisticated than Google Duplex, judging from similar sample calls demoed by Google.

Alibaba’s biggest advantage in this field is the overwhelming wealth of data it has to train its AI. In addition to handling a high volume of customer support calls, Alibaba delivers one billion packages per day.

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Creativity is at the Core of Humanity; AI is just a Tool!

Posted by Peter Rudin on 7. December 2018 in Essay 1 Comment

Homo sapiens first appeared some 100’000 years ago in Southern Africa. There is evidence that this species was of basically modern intelligence. However, Homo sapiens at that time was crucially lacking in creative imagination.

About 40’000 years ago Creativity ‘burst’ onto the planet as can be observed from remarkable cave paintings or the invention of new stone-tools. There is no consensus among the research community why this happened so suddenly and much remains a mystery.

Following the path of evolution, one can consider AI as a tool invented by humans, which can augment our lives both emotionally as well as logically. However, AI-machines have no intrinsic capability to sustain Creativity without incorporating human values and adherence to the laws of natural sciences.

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The World’s Fastest Brain-Mimicking Computer

Posted by Peter Rudin on 30. November 2018 in News No Comments

Scientists just activated the world’s biggest “brain”: a supercomputer with a million processing cores and 1,200 interconnected circuit boards that together operate like a human brain.

Dubbed Spiking Neural Network Architecture, or SpiNNaker, this neuromorphic system creates models of the neurons in human brains, and it simulates more neurons in real time than any other conventional computer can.

In the human brain, 100 billion neurons fire and transmit signals to thousands of destinations. SpiNNaker’s architecture supports an exceptional level of communication among its processors, behaving much like a brain’s neural network does.

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Towards a Charta for Machine-Interaction

Posted by Peter Rudin on 23. November 2018 in Essay No Comments

Today’s conversational support-services and assistants are voice-activated. Based on natural language processing and speech recognition, these so-called ‘bots’ provide voice and text answers to questions submitted via smart speakers or phones.

However, the future of voice will probably not be relative to speakers alone. The Avatar appears as a screen-based simulation of a fictional Human who is able to sense and monitor the emotions, the physical well-being and the intellectual capacity of its human counterpart.

As Singularity will arrive, a Charta is needed to augment and balance the unique capabilities of Humans and AI-Machines in form of an Ecosystem.

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Can AI Create True Art?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 16. November 2018 in News No Comments

This portrait of Edmond Belamy sold for $432,500 nearly 45 times its high estimate — as Christie’s becomes the first auction house to offer a work of art created by an algorithm.

‘The algorithm is composed of two parts,’ says Caselles-Dupré of Obvious, the company that created the algorithm. ‘On one side is the Generator, on the other the Discriminator. We fed the system with a data set of 15,000 portraits painted between the 14th century to the 20th. The Generator makes a new image based on the set, then the Discriminator tries to spot the difference between a human-made image and one created by the Generator. The aim is to fool the Discriminator into thinking that the new image is a real-life portrait.’

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