Author: Peter Rudin

Is AI steering us towards a Collapse of Western Civilization?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 15. March 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

In theory, a civilization might be less vulnerable to collapse if new technologies can mitigate against pressures such as climate change. Our technological capabilities may have the potential to delay collapse.

In the past, collapse was confined to regions – it was a temporary setback, and people often could return to agrarian lifestyles following the collapse. However, the world is now deeply interconnected and interdependent. Additionally, new instruments of violence, such as lethal autonomous weapons, will be available soon.

The most dangerous threat, however, comes from the exponentially rising complexity induced by AI in combination with the rise of inequality and oligarchy by tech-giants such as Facebook, Google and Amazon.

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Will AI Ever Be Smarter Than A Four-Year-Old?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 8. March 2019 in News No Comments

The most sophisticated AIs are still far from being able to solve problems that human four-year-olds accomplish with ease. Despite the impressive name, artificial intelligence largely consists of techniques to detect statistical patterns in large data sets. There is much more to human learning. Children are active learners; they don’t just passively soak up data like AIs do.

Four-year-olds can immediately recognize cats and understand words, but they can also make creative and surprising new inferences that go far beyond their experience. Looking at what children do, building curiosity into machines and allowing them to actively interact with the world might be a route to more realistic and wide-range learning to advance AI.

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Is Facebook a ‘Digital Gangster’? What about Ethics?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 1. March 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

Following an inquiry launched in 2017 as concern grew about the influence of false information and its ability to be spread unscrutinised on social media, a UK parliamentary committee has published its findings on February 18, 2019 after an 18-month investigation into disinformation and fake news.

It could be vital that IEEE’s proposed standard ‘P7008 for Ethically Driven Nudging by Robotic, Intelligent and Autonomous Systems’ in combination with strong government supported regulations against misuse can restore trust into internet applications and social media. Fighting this attempt, as perceived by the UK’s Parliamentary Committee when investigating Facebook, is likely to provoke the ‘Digital Gangster’ image.

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Are Cyborg Warriors a Good Idea?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 22. February 2019 in News No Comments

Pentagon’s think tank, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, is funding efforts to create technologies that result in “merging minds and machines.” The most dramatic are brain chips, arrays of electrodes that, when implanted in the brain, can receive electrical signals from and send them to neural tissue, aimed at creating neurally “enhanced” soldiers.

In principle, brain chips could boost soldiers’ cognitive and physical functions. Soldiers could control complex weapons systems with their thoughts, communicate telepathically with other soldiers and upload large databases instantly. In principle, minds containing brain chips can also be read and controlled by others.

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As Machines Get Smarter, Evidence Grows They Learn Like Us

Posted by Peter Rudin on 15. February 2019 in Essay No Comments

Back in 2017 Denis Hassabis of Alphabet’s Deep Mind suggested intensifying the cooperation with Neuroscience to advance AI towards Artificial General Intelligence (AGI). Now, two years later, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) have made significant progress both in respect to diversity as well as quality.

Humans have a powerful “physical intelligence” to infer physical properties of objects and predict future states in complex, dynamic scenes. This “abstract system of knowledge” is based on physics (for example forces or masses) and psychology (for example desires or beliefs).

As new computational methods continue to be provided by research, intelligent machines are likely to match humans in learning, possibly within the next ten years.

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Engineers translate brain signals directly into speech

Posted by Peter Rudin on 8. February 2019 in News No Comments

Decades of research has shown that when people speak — or even imagine speaking — telltale patterns of activity appear in their brain. Experts, trying to record and decode these patterns, see a future in which thoughts need not remain hidden inside the brain — but instead could be translated into verbal speech at will.

In a scientific first, neuro-engineers at Columbia University, N.Y. have created a system that translates thought into intelligible, recognizable speech. This breakthrough, which harnesses the power of speech synthesizers and artificial intelligence, could lead to new ways for computers to communicate directly with the brain.

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New Hardware-Technology will accelerate AI Progress

Posted by Peter Rudin on 1. February 2019 in Essay 2 Comments

To advance AI and Deep-learning further, three issues need to be addressed:
Time:  It can take weeks to train deep-learning networks, engaging high-salaried individuals.
Cost:  Computer time on hundreds of Graphic Processing Units (GPUs) for weeks is expensive.
Data:  In many cases the lack of enough labelled data simply makes it impossible to carry out the project.

To handle the raising complexity to solve these problems requires increased hardware performance.
A three-way race for future AI-applications is on the way, employing the following hardware technologies:

  • High-Performance Computing (HPC)
  • Neuromorphic Computing (NC)
  • Quantum Computing (QC)

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The Rise of a New Generation of AI Avatars

Posted by Peter Rudin on 25. January 2019 in News No Comments

The intelligence of digital humans comes from the innovative process that uses neural networks to combine biologically inspired models of the human brain and key sensory networks. Together they create a virtual central nervous system called the Human Computing Engine™. The result is an emotionally responsive, artificial human with personality and character that allows machines to talk to humans face-to-face.

Digital DNA™, a new product of Soul Machines, allows to create a completely new digital human in minutes versus the months it previously took.

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Does your Company need a Chief Philosophy Officer (CPO)?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 18. January 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

Philosophy can help to provide purpose and guidance by tackling fundamental questions about the meaning of life. Artificial intelligence has close connections with philosophy because both share several concepts such as intelligence, consciousness, epistemology, and even free will.

The idea behind having a CPO is that the position could be helpful in a business environment that is accelerating at an unprecedented speed.

The main-responsibility of a CPO is to provide support for interfacing human values and skills with intelligent machines in order to optimize the potential of man-machine augmentation. To reach this goal he must motivate the team-members to ask questions that are outside of the ‘corporate box’.

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Six real AI dangers to watch out for in 2019

Posted by Peter Rudin on 11. January 2019 in News No Comments

Once it was fashionable to fret about the prospect of super-intelligent machines taking over the world. The past year showed that AI may cause all sorts of hazards long before that happens.

The latest AI methods excel at perceptual tasks such as classifying images and transcribing speech, but the hype and excitement over these skills have disguised how far we really are from building machines as clever as we are.

Six controversies from 2018 stand out as warnings that even the smartest AI algorithms can misbehave, or that carelessly applying them can have dire consequences.

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