Author: Peter Rudin

Neuroscience applied to test Customer Acceptance

Posted by Peter Rudin on 17. May 2019 in News No Comments

One big question is how businesses, willing to go ahead with new opportunities, can uncover greater insights into their initiatives and then use these insights to move forward confidently.

Applied neuroscience is best described as the use of neuroscience tools to measure and understand human behavior.

Using high-resolution EEG headsets and eye trackers, an IKEA team tested potential customers to understand their reactions to a new business model offering solar panels that would enable customers to generate their own renewable energy.

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AI and decision-making, what about intuition?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 10. May 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

Many consider the division between analytic and intuitive thinking as opposites. However, a 2015 meta-analysis – an investigation where the impact of a group of studies is measured – has shown that analytic and intuitive thinking are typically not correlated and could happen at the same time.

Infants learn through interacting with the real world, which appears to be training various intuitive engines or simulators inside the brain without the need for massive training data.

We need a much better understanding of humans, both in respect to intelligence as well as intuition. This clearly stipulates that neuroscience and behavioral science are required to advance AI further.

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Can We Stop AI from Outsmarting Humanity?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 3. May 2019 in News No Comments

The spectrum of super-intelligent machines doing us harm is not just science fiction, some technologists say.

Jaan Tallinn, an Estonian programmer and investor known for his participation in the development of Skype, strongly promotes the study of existential risk and financially supports a number of institutions engaged in this field. 

His main worries are related to artificial intelligence, unknowns coming from technological development, and biological risk. He believes humanity is not spending enough resources on long-term planning and mitigating threats that could wipe us out as a species.

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Neural-Nanorobots to Augment Human Intelligence

Posted by Peter Rudin on 26. April 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

Human knowledge is being digitized at an exponential rate. Our biologically constrained cognitive abilities make it impossible to keep pace.

Hence, as some see it, it is essential that we develop a secure real-time interface between the human brain and the data storage and processing systems that reside in the cloud. To others, numerous ethical implications clearly prohibit interfacing the brain with an intelligent machine connected to the cloud. 

Neural-nanorobots are expected to provide a non-invasive, secure and virtually autonomous real-time interface between the brain and the cloud. They can be applied via injection into the vasculature system to monitor the information passing between synapses and neurons.

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UK Businesses using AI to Monitor Staff Activity

Posted by Peter Rudin on 19. April 2019 in News No Comments

Dozens of UK business owners are using AI to scrutinize staff behavior minute-to-minute by harvesting data on who emails whom and when, who accesses and edits what files and who meets whom and when.

Critics say such systems risk to increase pressure on workers who fear the judgment of the algorithm, and that it could encourage people not to take breaks or spend time in creative thought that will not be logged.

“People are considered not to be working if they take their hands off the keyboard for five minutes. But they could be thinking, and that doesn’t get measured. What is this doing for innovation?”  says Ursula Huws, a professor at the University of Hertfordshire.

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AI to Strengthen Consciousness and Decision-Making

Posted by Peter Rudin on 12. April 2019 in Essay No Comments

In our decision-making process, we seek external information to guide us. This includes the advice and opinions from people we know, people with expertise in the field or people we can trust.

To foster consciousness is vital if we are to maintain our mental independence in a digital world where fake information and malicious influencing are threatening the very foundation of our democratic society.

Augmenting humans by applying interactive Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) can improve conscious experience as a means of making sound decisions against the destructive use of AI. Individuals who consistently make good decisions may not be the ones who are the smartest or the luckiest. They are the ones who thoroughly understand themselves.

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What Would It Mean for AI to Become Conscious?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 5. April 2019 in News No Comments

Futurist Ray Kurzweil famously predicted that “By 2029, computers will have emotional intelligence and be convincing as people.”

To be clear, we’re nowhere near machines achieving artificial general intelligence or consciousness, and whether a “conscious machine” is possible—not to mention necessary or desirable—is still very much up for debate

Much of the brain’s inner workings remain a deep, dark mystery—one that will have to be further solved if we’re ever to get from narrow AI to artificial general intelligence, or systems that possess the same intelligence level and learning capabilities as humans.

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The Human Brain and Neuromorphic Computing

Posted by Peter Rudin on 29. March 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

Neuromorphic systems offer two major promises: First, because they are pulse-driven, potentially asynchronous, and highly parallel, they could be a gateway to an entirely new way of computing at high performance and very low energy. Second, they could be the best vehicle to support unsupervised learning—a goal that may prove necessary for key applications such as autonomous vehicle navigation in unchartered areas or natural-language comprehension.

What neuromorphic chips can do is to provide self-learning without requiring large datasets as in convolutional artificial networks. The system learns similar to the way humans learn.

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Free Will in an Algorithmic World

Posted by Peter Rudin on 22. March 2019 in News No Comments

Look around you and ask what drives your product, media, and people choices. Unless you are a tech Luddite, algorithms are silently rearranging your life.

The conventional narrative is that algorithms will make faster and better decisions for all of us, leaving us with more time for family and leisure. But the reality isn’t so simple.

In this brave new world, many of our choices are in fact predestined, and all the seemingly small effects that algorithms have on our decisions add up to a transformative impact on our lives. While we might feel as if we are making our own choices, we’re often nudged or even tricked into making them.

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Is AI steering us towards a Collapse of Western Civilization?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 15. March 2019 in Essay 1 Comment

In theory, a civilization might be less vulnerable to collapse if new technologies can mitigate against pressures such as climate change. Our technological capabilities may have the potential to delay collapse.

In the past, collapse was confined to regions – it was a temporary setback, and people often could return to agrarian lifestyles following the collapse. However, the world is now deeply interconnected and interdependent. Additionally, new instruments of violence, such as lethal autonomous weapons, will be available soon.

The most dangerous threat, however, comes from the exponentially rising complexity induced by AI in combination with the rise of inequality and oligarchy by tech-giants such as Facebook, Google and Amazon.

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