Author: Peter Rudin

Microscopic Robots Ready to Patrol Your Body

Posted by Peter Rudin on 18. September 2020 in News No Comments

Tiny robots have long captured our imagination, especially for their promise in medicine. Famed physicist Dr. Richard Feynman imagined teams of “swallowable surgeons” that roam the body and perform surgeries on demand.

Last week researchers at Cornell University tackled one of the most pressing problems in micro-robotics: getting those robots to move in a controllable manner. 

At just 40 μm wide and 70 μm long – smaller than single-celled algae – the width of the average human hair and on par with a grain of salt, the robots are the smallest micro-robots with onboard electronics in existence so far developed. Their small size makes it easy for them to get sucked into the narrowest needles without damage.

Read More

From AI to the Artificial Brain, are we Ready to Adapt?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 11. September 2020 in Essay No Comments

Artificial brains are man-made machines that are just as intelligent, creative and self-aware as biological brains. No such machine has yet been built and to some scientist’s view, artificial brains will never reach the functionality level of biological human brains.

Based on the exponential growth of scientific knowledge, however, this could happen sometimes within this century, raising the question how humans will adapt to this evolutionary milestone.

Our current philosophical and psychological inventory lacks the capacity to comprehend the impact of this achievement. Consequently, strong ethical guidelines of self-regulation are required. Otherwise humanity runs the risk of becoming slaves of its own creation.

Read More

Elon Musk’s Neuralink is Neuroscience Theater

Posted by Peter Rudin on 4. September 2020 in News No Comments

Discover the nature of consciousness, cure blindness, paralysis, deafness, and mental illness – those are just a few of the applications that Elon Musk and his 4-year old company Neuralink believe electronic brain-computer interfaces will one day bring about.

However, in a widely publicised event last month, Neuralink has provided no evidence that it can (or has even tried to) treat depression, insomnia, or a dozen other diseases. It is unclear how serious the company is about treating disease at all.

Musk continually drifted away from medicine and back to a much more futuristic “general population device,” which he called the company’s “overall” aim. He believes that people should connect directly to computers to keep pace with artificial intelligence.

Read More

Deepfakes: Can AI restore Trust and what about Truth?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 28. August 2020 in Essay No Comments

The rise of fake information and the proliferation of artificially generated narratives are challenging publishers as well as social media and e-commerce platforms.

AI provides tools to detect Deepfakes, yet there will be counterefforts to bypass this detection. In this technology-based ‘cops and robbers’ scenario, to distinguish fake from reality and the danger of being manipulated, we have to resort to consciousness and common-sense for the protection of our integrity.

Humans have become ‘sandwiched’ between fake- manipulation and trust. To get out of this position we must apply our unique capacity: think.

Read More

Facebook and other tech giants ‘too big to fail’?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 21. August 2020 in News No Comments

Like banks in the 2008 financial crisis, Facebook and other tech giants are “too big to fail”, according to research from Oxford University that calls for new regulations to protect users, and society, in the event of a possible collapse.

In their paper, Carl Öhman and Nikita Aggarwal argue that the world’s biggest technology companies are unlikely to suddenly go out of business – but the world is unprepared for what would happen if they did.

For users, the collapse of Facebook could have wide-ranging ramifications. Most immediately, losing use of the site itself. That, notes Aggarwal, is a particularly acute problem in many developing countries, “where Facebook is the main way people communicate”.

Read More

From Collaboration to Collective AI

Posted by Peter Rudin on 14. August 2020 in Essay No Comments

Humans’ ability to collaborate for reaching otherwise inaccessible goals may be one main cause for our success as a species. Collective intelligence emerges when these contributions are combined to become more than the sum of their parts.

As the individual intellectual capacity of humans is limited vis-à-vis an accelerating increase in scientific and technological complexity, the application of collective intelligence augmented by AI, dubbed CAI, is a major driver for future value generation.

As AI is maturing and eventually turning cognitive intelligence into a commodity, integrating human assets such as curiosity, creativity and moral judgement are a must to realize the value that can be generated with CAI-platforms.

Read More

AI to Make Drug Discovery Fast and Personalized

Posted by Peter Rudin on 7. August 2020 in News No Comments

The sobering truth is that 90 percent of all drug possibilities fail. The few that do succeed take an average of 10 years to reach the market and cost anywhere from $2.5 billion to $12 billion to get there.

Covid-19 is uniting the global scientific community with its urgency, prompting scientists to cast aside nation-specific territorialism, research secrecy, and academic publishing politics in favour of expedited therapeutic and vaccine development efforts.

Riding the convergence of massive datasets, skyrocketing computational power and remarkable innovations in AI, we are not far from a world in which personalized drugs, delivered directly to specified targets, will graduate to the standard of care.

Read More

AI for Survival of the Fittest?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 31. July 2020 in Essay 1 Comment

Evolution did not reach the status of being a scientific theory until Charles Darwin published his famous book ‘On the Origin of Species’ in 1859. Only the ‘fittest’ organisms are likely to survive, passing on their traits to the next generation.

The augmentation of human intelligence with machines is impacting our societies as those ahead in developing and applying this technology are more fit for survival than those which stay behind.

The upcoming automation of AI and the availability of new brain-interface technology to augment and enhance human’s intellectual capacity stipulate that evolution is gradually shifting to a selection based on technological supremacy.

Read More

Inside a Cyber-Ransomware Attack

Posted by Peter Rudin on 24. July 2020 in News No Comments

Security researchers have revealed the anatomy of a cyber-attack, showing how cyber criminals gained access to a network and deployed ransomware.

The network was initially infected with the Trickbot malware before the hackers started to hunt around to find out how to make money out of it.

From the initial Trickbot infection, through profiling the network, to finally initiating the Ryuk malware attack took around two weeks.

According to the FBI, Ryuk is an extremely lucrative project for its criminal developers, generating roughly USD 61 Mio. in ransom between February 2018 and October 2019. More sophisticated extortion attempts are expected to follow.

Read More

AI to enhance Human Imagination – what about Reality?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 17. July 2020 in Essay No Comments

Human imagination occurs as a mental state and is a prerequisite for creativity and innovation. To understand the distinction between what is real and what is imagined is an important step in the development of children’s imaginative abilities.

How does your brain produce an image of something you have never seen? That may not seem hard, but it turns out that this is a complex problem that requires sophisticated coordination inside your brain.

One of the computational processes that provides AI with imaginative powers is referred to as Generative Adversarial Networks. They consist of two neural networks which compete against – and learn from – each other.

Read More