Author: Peter Rudin

The Story behind the Creation of a Politthriller

Posted by Peter Rudin on 27. January 2023 in Essay No Comments

Dear Reader,

With close to 170 Essays written over the last 6 years, about a year ago I had this creative urge to write a Politthriller, different from a conventional crime-novel.

To build-up suspense in a deadly scenario between the secret services of CIA, KGB and MI5 to obtain control over a Nanobot-Based Neural System with military application potential is rather challenging.

Under ‘Jetzt Probelesen’ the BOD-Verlag provides  a preview (in German) without obligation to buy:

Verrat in einer ehemaligen Alpenfestung (bod.de)

If you like to receive some background information about the creation of this highly relevant book, please follow the link below:

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GPT: Diagnosing Alzheimers through Speech

Posted by Peter Rudin on 20. January 2023 in News No Comments

Research in Neuroscience suggests that indicators of Alzheimer’s disease could be detected early: a subtle change in speech patterns, grammatical mistakes, forgetting the meaning of a word, or mispronouncing common words that used to flow naturally.

A team from Drexel University took a major step in applying GPT-3’s capacity to detect text-patterns, using a massive dataset of interviews that included patients with and without Alzheimers. Based on this approach, information needed to extract speech patterns that could be applied to identify markers of Alzheimers in future patients is now available.

“This could be very useful for early screening and risk assessment before a clinical diagnosis”, one of the authors of the study suggests.

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If Superintelligence has arrived, what about Science Fiction and AI?

Posted by Peter Rudin on 13. January 2023 in Essay No Comments

In his 2014 book ‘Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies’ Nick Bostrom used scientific arguments to prove that machine intelligence will eventually surpass the general intelligence of humans and  that superintelligence could replace humanity.

In contrast, science fiction author George Orwell who published ‘1984’ seventy years ago, foresaw that mass surveillance, fake news, designer babies and the use of antidepressants will become today’s reality.

Yet, the interaction between science and science fiction has not produced the apocalyptic scenarios predicted by science fiction. It seems that this interaction benefits scientific and technological progress as long as governments maintain the necessary regulatory and ethical controls.

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‘Liquid’ Machine-Learning with New Algorithms

Posted by Peter Rudin on 6. January 2023 in News No Comments

Last year MIT researchers announced that they had built ‘liquid’ neural networks, inspired by the brains of small species. The flexibility of these ‘liquid’ neural nets yielded better decision-making for many tasks.

But these models became computationally expensive as their number of neurons and synapses needed to be increased to solve their underlying complicated math.

Now, the same team of scientists has discovered a way to alleviate this bottleneck with a new type of fast and efficient artificial intelligence algorithms.

These new network models have the same characteristics of ‘liquid’ neural nets – flexible, causal, robust, and explainable –  but they are orders of magnitude faster, and scalable.

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AI in 2023: Innovation Continues with no End in Sight

Posted by Peter Rudin on 30. December 2022 in Essay No Comments

Yann LeCun, chief AI scientist at Meta, recently expressed concern that the dominant research of deep learning  will not achieve ‘true’ intelligence.

Demis Hassabis of Deep-Mind noted that – like an idiot savant – many AI programs could only do one thing well.

Geoffrey Hinton believes that In the future we will see a completely new type of ‘mortal’ computer, where the knowledge that the system has learned and the hardware used, are inseparable.

According to the Philosopher David Chalmers, it is likely  that in a decade from now, the leading AI programs might have a 20 percent or better chance of being conscious.

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Silent Night

Posted by Peter Rudin on 23. December 2022 in News No Comments

A difficult year is coming to an end. Humanity is faced with a cluster of unprecedented difficulties, ranging from climate issues to war and the struggle for political power. Our democracy and privacy are at risk.

Meanwhile Christmas is celebrated in a tradition of joy and reunion. Gifts are exchanged as a sign of one’s gratitude. The tune of  ‘Silent Night’, a Christmas carol composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber, is heard throughout the night, touching our emotions.

‘Silent Night’ also offers the opportunity to slow down and reflect on one’s inner peace. Following this thought, I have added the link to an Essay I wrote over two years ago which – in my view – still holds true. With that done, I wish you a very Merry Christmas!

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From Google Search to Open AI’s ChatGPT and Beyond

Posted by Peter Rudin on 16. December 2022 in Essay No Comments

OpenAI just announced ChatGPT. Responding to text prompts from users, ChatGPT can be asked to write essays, lyrics for songs, stories, marketing pitches, scripts, complaint letters and even poetry.

Paul Buchheit, the creator of Gmail is convinced that the search engine result page, which is where Google makes most of its money, will be disrupted by ChatGPT within 2 years.

In contrast to Google Search, ChatGPT interactively answers questions about its results and the user gets a reply in the context of the question raised.

The danger is that results from ChatGPT can be false. Hence, users need to develop filters to reduce misinformation within their field of expertise.

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Intel Unveils Real-Time Deepfake Detector

Posted by Peter Rudin on 9. December 2022 in News No Comments

Intel just introduced ‘FakeCatcher’, a real-time detector of deepfakes with a claimed  accuracy rate of 96%. It is focused on clues within actual videos, measuring the amount of light that is absorbed or reflected by facial blood vessels.

Deepfake detection has become increasingly important as interactive deepfakes offer the illusion of talking to a real person and compositional deepfakes create many deepfakes to compile a ‘synthetic history’ around an individual’s personality.

We are still far away to determine whether a piece of text, audio or video is human-generated or not. Intel’s deepfake detector could present a significant step forward since its detection method offers a new AI-supported approach to uncover video-fakes.

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Social Media: Why We Should Better Understand Its Impact

Posted by Peter Rudin on 2. December 2022 in Essay No Comments

Social media shapes our relationships, our behaviour, our work and our brains. Algorithms are specifically designed to influence users in their decision-making. Corporations selling products and services use social media for building customer loyalty and trust.

Studies show that this ability to capture your attention has an adverse effect on your brain. Heavy social media users perform worse on cognitive tests, especially those that examine their attention and ability to multitask.

Today’s teens are challenged to find a human-centric way to incorporate social media into their every-day life against the odds of being manipulated. When today’s teens become adults, we should know if this merger of machines and humans was successful.

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IBM Reaches Qubit-Count Over 400 With New Processor

Posted by Peter Rudin on 25. November 2022 in News No Comments

IBM just announced the latest generation of quantum processors with more than three times the qubit-count of previous models. Next the company plans  to release the first 1,000-qubit processors in 2023.

If qubit-counts are sufficiently high and error rates low enough, it will be possible that re-running specific calculations several times, will provide answers to problems that are difficult or impossible to achieve with conventional computers.

As a major effort that is  part of  its roadmap, IBM is working on  the development of new software. The goal is to support developers to implement algorithms for quantum computers without having to worry about issuing all the discrete control commands that perform the actual manipulations of qubits.

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